What is dementia?
Dementia is a term used to describe various different brain disorders that have in common a decline in memory and other thinking skills. Dementia is a progressive, degenerative brain syndrome that affects memory, thinking, behavior and emotion.
As dementia progresses individuals affected need care with all aspects of daily life, worldwide families mostly provide this care.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia and accounts for 50-60% of all cases and is caused by abnormal brain tissue changes. How fast dementia progresses depends on the individual.
How many people in the world have dementia?
Dementia is not a normal part of ageing. Age is an important risk factor but not the only one. Dementia affects 1 in 20 people over the age of 65 and 1 in 5 over the age of 80. Worldwide there are an estimated 47.5 million people with dementia (2015 stats). By 2050 the number is expected to rise to over 130 million. Population ageing is turning age profiles on their head. By 2050, there will be more adults over 60 worldwide than children under 14. This demographic shift is unprecedented and will have profound implications for society.
What are the care arrangements for people with dementia?
Research has shown that most people with dementia live in their own homes and are cared for by a female caregiver usually a spouse or daughter and that caring is associated with substantial psychological and financial strain. (Int J Geriatric Psychiatry 2004 19 170-177).
Family Caregivers have to cut back on paid work or stop work altogether, informal care is often supplemented by formal paid care and people with dementia are relatively heavy consumers of health services.
CareChamp is an on-demand service to match clients with suitable caregivers and to manage the process throughout. We offer short or long term care services starting at R37/hour through our certified, vetted and insured caregivers including care reports. Short-term care – with a minimum booking of 4 hours - aims exactly at relieving family caregivers from the emotional stress associated with caregiving. Everyone needs to take a break every once in a while.
The covering of costs of Dementia Disease
24/7 care is expensive and comes up to about 25k – 30k / month in home or around 20K – 25K in retirement villages additional to base living fees. Additional fees for nursing sisters and medication can easily add another 5k/ month. There is a heated debate in South Africa for medical aids to include dementia as a disease that should be included on the prescribed minimum benefits (PMB) list.
Recognition of the early symptoms of dementia
Ten early symptoms of dementia:
Difficulty in performing everyday tasks
Problems with language
Disorientation to time and place
Poor or decreased judgment
Problems with keeping track of things
Changes in mood or behaviour
Changes in personality
Loss of initiative
SOURCE: Dementia SA