world hepatitis day 28 july!

World Hepatitis Day (WHD), is a day when the world joins together to drive action, to transform the lives of 200+ million people and to play a part in the fight to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030.

At CareChamp we require all our Champs to get the Hepatitis B  vaccine before working with any of our client. This is to make sure that both Champs and patients are not in danger of being infected by the hepatitis virus. 

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scaring), cirrhosis, or liver cancer. Hepatitis viruses are the most common causes of hepatitis in the world but other infections, toxic substances (e.g alcohol or drugs) and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis. There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

 

 

What are the different types of hepatitis viruses?

Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) - This type is present in the feces of infected persons and is most often transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. Certain sex practices can also spread HAV.  Infections are n many cases mild with most people making full recovery and remaining immune from further HAV infections.  However, HAV infections can also be server and  life threatening. Most people around the world with poor sanitation have been infected with this virus. safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent HAV.

Hepatitis B Virus (HVB) - It is transmitted through exposure to infected blood, semen, and other body fluids. HBV can be transmitted from infected mothers to infants at the time of birth or from infected family members to infant in early childhood. Transmission may also occur through transfusion of HVB - contaminated blood and blood products, contaminated injections during medical procedures, and through injection drug use. HBV also poses a risk to healthcare workers who sustain accidental needle stick injuries while caring for HVB patients. Safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent HBV. 

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) - It is mostly transmitted through exposure of affected blood. This may happen through transfusion of HCV - contaminated blood and blood products, contaminated injections during medical procedures , and through injection drug use. Sexual transmission is also possible, but is much less common. There is no vaccine for HCV.

Hepatitis D Virus (HDV) - These infections occur only in those who are infected with HBV. The dual infection of HDV and HBV can result in a more serious disease and worse outcome. HBV vaccines provide protection from HDV infections.

 Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) - It is mostly transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. HEV is a common cause of hepatitis outbreaks in developing parts of the world and is increasingly recognized as an important cause of disease in developed countries. safe and effective vaccines to prevent HEV infections have been developed but are not widely available.

common Signs and symptoms of hepatitis

  • Fatigue 
  • Flu - like symptoms
  • Dark urine
  • Pale stool
  • Abdominal pains
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Yellow skin and eyes, which may be signs of jaundice

Sources : Healthline (www.healthline.com.)

               : World Health Organisation (http://www.who.int/en/)